Truths and Myths About Vitamins
Vitamin C can prevent a cold – False
When researchers reviewed more than a decade’s worth of findings, they found that mega doses of vitamin C don’t prevent colds for most people. Some studies suggest it might help you get over the symptoms a little faster. But it won’t make them less severe.
Zeaxanthin and lutein from fruits and vegetables, Zinc and Vitamin C, E might protect your eyesight as you age? – True
Studies show that many different vitamins and minerals may lower your risk for an eye problem called macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss in people over 65. A balanced diet loaded with fruits and vegetables should give you all you need. If your risk is still high, your doctor may recommend a supplement along with lifestyle changes. And don’t smoke!
The word “vitamin” comes from: Vitaly Minkov, the Russian researcher who first discovered vitamins – False
Correct answer is “Vital” and “Amines” . Scientists first thought that vitamins were amino acids, the building blocks of protein. Today, we know of 13 types that are essential for good health. You can usually get all you need from a balanced diet. But some people, especially those who limit certain foods, may benefit from supplements. How much do you need? The government recommends a daily amount for most vitamins and minerals, as well as the maximum amount that scientists think is safe.
Vitamin B12 gives you more energy – False
It’s definitely important to get enough B12. Too little of it can cause anemia, memory loss, confusion, and tingling in your arms and legs. But there’s little evidence that taking it makes you a better athlete or gives you more energy. A diet that includes meat, fish, or dairy products should give you enough.
The color of your urine can show whether you’re getting enough vitamins – False
Some vitamins, including C and B, turn your pee a bright orange or even yellow-green if you take more than you need. That’s your kidneys getting rid of the excess. (Don’t test it out — it can be dangerous to get too much of some nutrients.) But the recommended amounts of most vitamins and minerals don’t color your urine.
Vitamins and minerals are safe no matter how much you take – False
Supplements can be a good way to make sure you get enough nutrients, but many vitamins and minerals can be toxic if you take too much. A lot of vitamin A can cause nausea, vomiting, and liver damage, for example. Too much vitamin D can cause weakness, heart rhythm problems, and confusion. Because the body stores vitamins A, D, E, and K and iron, the excess can build up in your organs and tissues and damage your kidneys or liver.
Studies have proved that antioxidant vitamin supplements prevent cancer – False
Researchers continue to study whether some antioxidants prevent the kind of genetic damage that can turn cells into cancer. But there is no evidence that taking these supplements will lower your risk for the disease. If you’re getting cancer treatment, talk to your doctor before you take any. Some research suggests that antioxidant supplements may keep some cancer-fighting medicines from working.
Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, and cobalamin belong to B Group Vitamin – True
These are all different forms of B vitamins. They help your body with many important jobs, including changing food into energy. Whole grains, beans, nuts, meat, eggs, and fish are good sources of many different forms of B vitamins. Vitamin B12, on the other hand, is found almost exclusively in foods from animal sources.
Vitamin D is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin because, your skin makes vitamin D when it gets sunlight – True
People with dark skin may be more likely to have low vitamin D levels. Older people also might not have enough because skin gets less efficient at converting sunlight to vitamin D as you age. If you stay out of the sun because of sensitive skin or the risk of cancer, you may also need extra D. Talk to your doctor. A simple blood test can show whether you have as much as you need.
Folic acid is added to foods like fortified cereals to help prevent birth defects – True
Folic acid helps prevent birth defects, specifically problems with the brain and spinal cord. Because it’s so important during pregnancy, doctors say pregnant women and those who want to have a baby should take a supplement to make sure they get enough.